Fauna Galapagos


Quito is the capital of Ecuador and its Pichincha province. In the language of the Tsáchila or colored Indians the name means, center (Quitsa) of the world. Quito has the biggest Historical Centre in South America as well as one of the most beautiful historical centers of the Americas; the city has about 2.2 million inhabitants. Quito lies in a wonderful lush valley below the slopes of the Pichincha volcano that stands in the midst of the remarkable Andes Mountains. It is the second highest capital of the world (9,300 feet above sea level).
As the 'historical center' with its charming colonial houses and churches, Quito became too small and therefore a 'new city' was built with modern skyscrapers, broad avenues and urban parks.
The cultural heritage of Quito was so important that it was the first city in the world to be declared World Heritage Cultural Site by UNESCO in 1978.



Driving south from Quito along the 'Avenue of the Volcanoes' is the city of Baños, cradled in a deep sub-tropical valley The city of Baños is nestled between the Rio Pastaza and the Tungurahua volcano, 8 km from its crater, where a constant plume of ash erupts from its summit. 
Baños, meaning "Baths" in spanish, is a small town full of bustling tourists looking for a nice temperate weather, exciting trips and expeditions around the area. Baños is surrounded by numerous waterfalls (where the town gets its name from), cloud forests (ideal for bird watching) and wild orchids. The town is also known as “the door to the Amazon rainforest”. It offers a great opportunity for hiking, mountain biking, rafting, etc.



Tena, the capital of the  Napo Province, is an attractive and quiet city in the  Amazon rainforest. Known as the “cinnamon capital" of Ecuador. Tena is a popular launching point for jungle, kayaking and  rafting tours in Ecuador's Amazon rainforest region. The town is popular with travelers, since it is known as being peaceful, orderly, clean and more geared towards tourists. Tena and its surrounding indigenous communities are also bases for many volunteers working for  reforestation projects, with community support in development initiatives in diverse and connected areas such as, ecotourism and capacity building. Ecuador has one of the best politically organized indigenous populations in Latin America and Tena houses two major confederations, Fonakin and Ashin.
For a rainforest city, Tena's climate is surprisingly comfortable and cooler than the jungle to the east, as it is 500M above sea level. There's rainfall year-round, with an annual average of 171.65 inches (4,359.91 mm). The heaviest rains come in April, May, and June, but even in this very wet time it doesn't necessarily rain every day or all day when it does rain.



The Principal Amazon artery for visitors is the Napo River, a major tributary of the main Amazon River.  As a result of fluvial dynamics, the Napo´s 130 islands are covered by young forests, which provide refuge and nesting sites dir a multiple of bird species, many of them migratory.
Along the length of the Napo, natives and settlers have established communities, interspersed occasionally with small hotels and lodges. Most of the shore is covered with tropical forest, and over thousands of years, riverbeds have formed many attractive lakes.
Historically, the indigenous communities have been able to maintain a productive subsistence within the existing ecosystems of vast forest preserve. The most representative are: the Siona-Secoya, Cofan, Huaorani, Quichua, Shuar and Ashuar.
The Amazonas ecosystem, particularly its tropical rain forest, is considered to be one if the richest and most complex communities of plant and animal life in the world. The region is characterized by huge and diverse amounts of flora and fauna with extraordinary variations in their habitats and micro habitats.
In the jungle of the Amazon 100 species of trees per acre have been recorded.  In Central America, only up to 40 species per acre have been discovered. In the temperate forests of North America and Europe, rarely more than 20 different species exist per acre.
The Amazon´s rivers, lakes, streams and marshlands support over 600 species of fish and more than 250 species of amphibians and reptiles. The lagoons of the Napo and Aguarico River basins are home to colonies of two species of caymans that grow to over 13 feet in length.

All You Need is Ecuador Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador Quito